Burgoon (1978) notes that people do not view others' behaviors as random.
Rather, they have various expectations of how others should think and behave.
That, in the UK at least, it also replaced the Primera and Almera in 2007 shows the extent to which Nissan had bet all its chips on a single hand. Like Volkswagen reworking its Golf or Ford fettling the Focus, it seems on paper as though little has been left to chance – or, indeed, dramatically changed.
Almost seven years on, the gamble better resembles a masterstroke. Convincingly reworking your best-selling car is the secret of being a successful car maker, and if by the end of this review Nissan has managed it, the triumph is once again indebted to homegrown expertise.
Beyond proxemics and examining how people interpret violations in many given communicative contexts, EVT also makes specific predictions about individuals' reaction to given expectation violations: individuals reciprocate or match someone's unexpected behavior, and they also compensate or counteract by doing the opposite of the communicator's behavior.
Conversely, if the listener is avoiding eye contact, yawning, and texting, it is implied they have no interest in the interaction and the speaker may feel violated.
When examining the context, relationship, and communicator's characteristics in a given encounter, individuals will arrive at an expectation for how that person should behave.
For example, a husband and wife may have an evening routine in which the husband always washes the dishes.
If he were to ignore the dirty dishes one night, this might be seen as a predictive discrepancy.